Six Interesting Career Opportunities for Civil Engineers

 11 - 27 - 12
Uncategorized News
A civil engineering certification offers countless career opportunities such as building roads and bridges and water resource engineering. According to figures published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, job openings in this sector will grow by 19.4% through 2020. The bulk of civil engineers work usually involves solving some of the challenges that afflict a modern society such as traffic congestion, water storage and distribution, as well as urban planning and development. Here are six major disciplines within this field.

Structural Engineering
Every man-made structure is subject to various forces, for example, wind, tremors, earthquakes, and human traffic. As such, structural engineers must design and build structures that can withstand these forces. This calls for a good grasp of design philosophies, material properties, design codes, and applied load forces. In addition, a good understanding of how you can combine different materials is necessary. To be able to do this properly, one must be able to evaluate the strength of existing structures. Fortunately, technologies such as computer-aided design (CAD) help to make the jobs of these professionals a little bit easier.
Geotechnical Engineering
As a geotechnical engineer, you need a good grasp of other sub-disciplines including soil mechanics and pavement materials engineering. In general, this sub-discipline deals with structures that require a firm ground for support. Geotechnical engineers analyze soil samples to determine the stability of slopes or embankments. Your expertise will come in handy during the construction of tunnels, dams, piers, landfills, and bridges.
Urban Planning
In the developed world, the population has converged in or around major urban centers. According to the 2010 US Census data, 82% of Americans live in cities and suburbs. This makes the United States one of the most urbanized nations in the world. Unsurprisingly, providing millions of people with housing, water, and sewage facilities is bound to be a challenge. That notwithstanding, urban planners must also set aside land for road networks, industrial plants, and recreation. These are the challenges you will be addressing as an urban planning engineer. Your work will primarily involve coordinating with the relevant authorities to ensure successful completion of these projects.
Environmental Engineering
The earth is a delicate ecosystem. Human activities such as oil extraction, war, manufacturing, and mining can damage the environment. Statistics published by the Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) show that North America produces 6% of the global greenhouse gas emissions. Some of the pollutants emitted by industries include selenium, arsenic, mercury, hydrochloric acid, and sulfur dioxide. Your work as an environmental engineer will involve the use of biological, physical, and chemical processes to reverse the harmful effects caused by pollutants. This includes eliminating chemical pollutants from groundwater supplies, safe disposal of hazardous materials, and clearing soil contaminants. Environmental engineers also take into account new green building techniques. This is necessary to reduce the carbon footprint of future construction projects.
Water Resources Engineering
Water plays a big role in the lives of human beings, animals, and plants. Managing this resource calls for people with a good grasp of water quantity and quality issues. As a water resources engineer, your work will involve flood prevention, farm irrigation, as well as water treatment and supply.
Transportation Engineering
Transport systems and networks play a big role in economic growth. Your work will mainly involve designing, constructing, and maintaining railroads, airfields, and highways. In addition, you may be involved in the formulation of policies governing transport.
After graduating from a university, you can build a rewarding career in civil engineering. Bureau of labor Statistics figures show the mean annual wage stands at $82,710. However, this depends on a wide range of factors such as experience, area of specialization, and employer. For example, in California, civil engineers can take home $90,070 every year.
Guest Post by William Stevens
William Stevens is a writer who focuses on the field of civil engineering. This article was written to explain career opportunities available with a degree in this area and to encourage further study with a Masters of Engineering Management .

Reviews are closed.